Trail photos



Trail stats

4.62 mi
Elevation gain
72 ft
Technical difficulty
Elevation loss
72 ft
Max elevation
73 ft
84 3.7
Min elevation
-41 ft
Trail type
9 hours 51 minutes
July 21, 2019
July 2019
  • Rating

  •   3.7 2 Reviews
73 ft
-41 ft
4.62 mi

near Falasarná, Crete (Greece)

Viewed 5627 times, downloaded 50 times

Trail photos


Itinerary description

Poco dopo il sito archeologico parte il sentiero medio impegnativo che in circa 6 ore e 9 km porta alla spiaggia di Balos. Occorre aprire un cancello di un recinto di capre e poi richiuderlo alle proprie spalle. La segnaletica è di colore blu, con pali di metallo con la sommità di questo colore.

Estratto da
Phalasarna or Falasarna (Ancient Greek: Φαλάσαρνα) is a Greek harbor town at the west end of Crete that flourished during the Hellenistic period. The currently visible remains of the city include several imposing sandstone towers and bastions, with hundreds of meters of fortification walls protecting the town, and a closed harbor, meaning it is protected on all sides by city walls. The harbor is ringed by stone quays with mooring stones, and connected to the sea through two artificial channels. Notable finds in the harbor area include public roads, wells, warehouses, an altar, and baths. Most of these structures were revealed by excavations that began in 1986.
The acropolis is built on a cape that rises 90 meters above the harbor and juts into the sea. The acropolis has many remains, including a temple dedicated to goddess Dictynna, fortification towers, cisterns, wells, and watchtowers that could have been used to guard sea routes.
Today Phalasarna is an agricultural area and tourist attraction.
The valley is filled with olive groves and greenhouses cultivating mainly tomatoes; there are also scattered family-run hotels and restaurants. The seaside has long sandy beaches and crystal clear waters that are popular both with residents of the province of Chania and visitors from Greece and abroad. Falasarna beach was voted, in a CNN poll, among the best 100 beaches of the world.
Ancient history
Phalasarna was mentioned by the ancient historians and geographers Scylax,[3] Strabo,[4] Polybius,[5] Livy,[6] Pliny,[7] Dionysius Kalliphontis,[8] and the anonymous geographer known as Stadiasmus.[9] The ancient geographers took note of the artificial closed port carved out of a lagoon and ringed with fortification walls and towers. Phalasarna was a maritime power; the harbor was the reason for the city's existence, the source of its wealth, and led to its recognition. A city-state with its own laws and minting its own coins, Phalasarna provided military advisers and thousands of mercenaries for a war under the Macedonian king Perseus against the Romans (Livy).

Phalasarna was involved in two major wars with neighboring city-states during the Hellenistic period. The first was with Polyrrhenia, probably triggered by land disputes. It started in the late fourth century and ended around 290 BC, following mediation by Cleonymus of Sparta. The peace treaty was inscribed on a stone tablet which is today in the museum of Kissamos.[10] A second war was fought with Cydonia around 184 BC and the disputes were finally resolved through Roman intervention (Polybius).

The city-state prospered through its maritime affairs, evidenced by the remains of monumental buildings and artwork. The treaty with Polyrrhenia gives evidence that in the third century BC the inhabitants of Phalasarna were engaged in piracy, a common practice of the Cretan city-states.[11] In 69-67 BC the Romans sent forces to eliminate piracy from the eastern Mediterranean, stormed Phalasarna, blocked its harbor with massive masonry, and destroyed the whole city, probably killing its citizens. No ancient sources testify directly to these events, but evidence of burning and the harbor blockage itself suggest the tentative conclusions of the excavators.[12][13]

The location of the city was then forgotten, and Phalasarna appears in Venetian records only as a lost city. The site was rediscovered in the 19th century by British explorers Robert Pashley and Captain T. A. B. Spratt. Spratt, of the Royal Navy, noted in 1859 that the former harbor of the deserted site was now 100 yards from the sea, and that the ancient sea coast must have risen at least twenty four feet. Modern excavation has confirmed this judgment, and also has shown that the harbor rapidly silted up after the Roman attack.[14] Radiocarbon dating of fossil algae along the ancient sea level mark on the cliffs around Phalasarna estimates the sudden sea level change at some time more than sixteen centuries ago. A probable event was the great earthquake and tsunami of 21 July A.D. 365, which wreaked catastrophic damage on all the coasts of the eastern Mediterranean and was recorded by Ammianus Marcellinus[15] and others. An ancient fish basin with two flights of steps carved into the coastal rocks near the harbor entrance has been cracked in half, probably during the same earthquake.[16]
Pelike excavated at Phalasarna showing Eros chasing a Maenad. 330 BC.
Rescue excavations at the cemetery of Phalasarna began in 1966 directed by the Ephor of the Department of Classical Antiquities in Chania, Dr. Yannis Tzedakis,[17] and continued under Vanna Niniou-Kindeli. Over 70 graves were uncovered, some of them pithos burials, and others cist graves. The early excavations were important, proving the site to have been inhabited in the 6th century BC. Since then, a small additional part of the cemetery has been excavated and many beautiful artifacts have been recovered, among them a 4th-century pelike showing Eros chasing a Maenad. In the area of the necropolis there stands a two-meter high throne carved from stone, probably dedicated to the Phoenician goddess Astarte.[18]
Research excavations began in 1986 under Dr. Elpida Hadjidaki of the Greek Archaeological Service of Chania [19]. From 1988 through 1990 they were done in collaboration with Frank J. Frost of the University of California, Santa Barbara, [20] and have continued under the direction of Hadjidaki. Major items excavated to date include five towers that were part of the fortifications encircling the harbor. All of them have a distinctive rounded molding (Ancient Greek: κυμάτιον) at a point where the foundation narrows to support the upper part of the monument. One tower is circular, preserved to a height of 4.5 m, strengthened inside by two cross-walls filled with rubble, and connected through a 50 m long curtain wall to a rectangular tower. The other fortification towers surrounding the port are also rectangular, and the stones of their exterior faces have drafted edges. A fortified gate was connected to walls that in one direction surround a secondary basin behind the main military harbor, and in another direction extend towards the acropolis. This wall ends in another rectangular tower. From this point a paved road departs for the acropolis, and right next to it is a room filled with stone baths. The secondary basin is lined by a quay 30 m long with a slipway at one end, and a row of structures at the other that the excavator suggests may be more slipways.
Long sections of the quays in the military harbor have been excavated with six bollards in situ, still bearing rope marks from mooring ships. An artificial channel connected the military harbor to the sea, and it was possible to close the channel using a chain. A carved stone structure at the channel entrance, excavated in 2013 and still displaying traces of bronze, supports this view.
A merchant's house has partly been excavated at the foot of the acropolis, revealing imported goods of the early Hellenistic period from around the Mediterranean, particularly from Cyrenaica in North Africa. Finally, a winery and adjoining warehouses excavated between 2008 and 2012 provide evidence of production for export[21].
The excavations have uncovered a wide variety of ceramic vessels, coins, jewelry, and sculpture, revealing well developed culture of the inhabitants of ancient Phalasarna. Many of these are on display in the museums of Kisamos and Chania.
Situated Simulation


PictographWaypoint Altitude -15 ft
Photo of853 Photo of853 Photo of853


PictographWaypoint Altitude -15 ft
Photo of854 Photo of854 Photo of854


PictographWaypoint Altitude 13 ft
Photo of855 Photo of855 Photo of855


PictographWaypoint Altitude 57 ft
Photo of856 Photo of856 Photo of856


Poco dopo il sito archeologico parte il sentiero medio impegnativo che in circa 6 ore e 9 km porta alla spiaggia di Balos. Occorre aprire un cancello di un recinto di capre e poi richiuderlo alle proprie spalle. La segnaletica è di colore blu, con pali di metallo con la sommità di questo colore.

PictographWaypoint Altitude -23 ft
Photo of857 Photo of857 Photo of857


Comments  (8)

  • Photo of LETZ HIKE - Bogdan
    LETZ HIKE - Bogdan Jul 27, 2021

    I have followed this trail  View more

    Beautiful walk for those who love walking in the sand and the sea. Very beautiful middle part of the route where the Falassarna Natura 2000 reserve is. It is a pity that the antic site closes at 3 o'clock when many hikers arrive there.

  • Photo of luca berni
    luca berni Jul 27, 2021

    I appreciate you liked this walk

  • Giugi89 Aug 19, 2022

    ciao :)
    ti ho seguito in alcune tracce da noi in italia!
    ed ora per caso ti vedo anche qui! :))

    secondo te è fattibile con una ragazza andare fino a balos? ho visto che ti sei fermato
    ho dei dubbi sulla qualità dei sentieri

    grazie per prossimi viaggi!

  • Photo of luca berni
    luca berni Aug 19, 2022

    Ciao, non avendolo fatto purtroppo non ho idea se sia un percorso semplice o impegnativo. Ti indico il link che può darti maggiori informazioni in merito. Tra le varie indicazioni ci sono l'uso degli scarponi, acqua nello zaino, spesso fondo sassoso e a volte tra cespugli bassi, avvisare in albergo che fate il sentiero blu, informarsi sugli orari per eventuale rientro in barca a Falasarna.... Buona gita!

  • Photo of luca berni
    luca berni Aug 19, 2022

    Percorso abbastanza roccioso

  • Giugi89 Aug 19, 2022

    Grazie mille!
    Ti è piaciuta Creta?

  • Photo of luca berni
    luca berni Aug 19, 2022

    Certo. Ho fatto solo la parte ovest. Belle le spiagge a ovest e a sud. Affascinanti le gole di Samaria, percorso in discesa ma abbastanza lungo, sentiero ben tenuto.

  • Milia54 Oct 4, 2022

    I have followed this trail  verified  View more

    Very beautiful hiking.
    However, dogs on the way as well as lots of goats. Consequently we changed the travel and had a difficult time. Do not follow the sea longer than what is written !pretty dangerous.
    But the view at the end with the sun going down is incredible

You can or this trail